It started with a seemingly innocuous newspaper article.
In January 2016, the Camosun College Student Society (CCSS) published a column in the Nexus — Camosun’s independent student newspaper — listing off a number of extra-curricular clubs for students to join.
But when someone commented on the article accusing one of the clubs of cult-like activities, Greg Pratt, the editor-in-chief of the Nexus, started to investigate. His investigation didn’t last long, however, before the group had informed the CCSS that they were disbanding and leaving the campus.
That club is the University Bible Fellowship (UBF), and it shares its name with an international organization that was established in South Korea in the 1960s. Chapters exist in cities and on campuses all across North America — including the University of Victoria.
While the UVic chapter has operated without any question or concern from students or faculty since 2007, the larger UBF has been scrutinized over the past 30 years, with allegations ranging from physical abuse to members being forced into arranged marriages.
And with the Camosun chapter’s abrupt disappearance leaving plenty of questions unanswered, attention has turned towards the UVic club to speak to their connections with the larger UBF international organization.
According to ubf.org, the UBF was founded when a Presbyterian missionary named Sarah Barry travelled to South Korea and met a pastor named Samuel Lee. The two moved back to the United States and established the first chapter of the UBF, which has since spread to over 96 countries.
The UBF puts “a love for God’s word” at the heart of their organization, with a focus on studying scripture in Bible study classes. The group is also focused on “Jesus’ command to make disciples of all nations.”
Concerns around the group’s activities first cropped up in the late 1980s, when their ferocious recruiting methods led them to be banned from several Canadian and American campuses like the University of Manitoba, the University of Winnipeg, and the University of Illinois at Chicago. Ex-UBF members spoke openly about joining the group and being slowly ex-communicated from friends and family members, having their original career plans questioned, and being pressured into romantic relationships with other members.
Brian Karcher, an American author, was a member of the UBF for over 20 years. He’s published four books on his experiences with the organization, and currently runs a website for other ex-members — priestlynation.com.
“They’re focused on recruiting college students, exclusively,” Karcher says, “and they’re a very private group. They use ‘shepherds’ . . . who are meant to be life-long moral supervisors for each person. They become your new parent.”
Karcher, who says he met his wife through the UBF’s arranged marriage process, is the original poster who tipped the Nexus off about the UBF. He says that for new students who don’t know about the organization’s history, it can be incredibly appealing to join.
“It’s an incredible fellowship,” Karcher says. “That’s what it’s all about . . . It’s very warm, very welcoming . . . It’s very appealing.
“It’s called love-bombing, in psychological terminology. That’s [what they do] at first . . . You’re treated like royalty for the first year . . . and for college students that’s huge.”
But Karcher says that after the honeymoon period ends, the love and fellowship gives way to psychological manipulation and authoritarian rule.
Pratt found similar allegations online during his initial investigation, but he says they struck him as too bizarre for Camosun College. So he contacted the group to try to clear things up.
Pratt sent two emails to the address publically listed on the CCSS website, but received no response. He then contacted the CCSS itself, asking them to contact the group. The student society did, and the Camosun UBF claimed that the similar names were a coincidence and that they would be changing the name shortly.
Satisfied, Pratt let up on his investigation. But he then discovered that the Camosun UBF advertised larger UBF conferences as opportunities for students.
“I emailed them again,” Pratt recalls, “saying that if you’re not associated with the international group, and the name is a coincidence, how come you’re saying you’re going to send Camosun students to the international groups’ meetings?”
Just days later, a CCSS employee informed Pratt that the group were withdrawing their club status due to claims that Pratt was harassing them. As quickly as the organization had popped into Pratt’s consciousness, they had just as quickly disappeared.
“To this day, they’ve never contacted me, they’ve never replied to my emails, and I don’t even know who they are,” Pratt says. “If it was just a coincidence, you’d think they would want to clear their name.”
With no more leads to investigate at Camosun, Pratt informed the Martlet that UVic also had an official UBF group on campus, and that the pastor for the Victoria chapter listed on the international UBF website is currently the same contact person listed by the UVSS.
The issue of problematic clubs on university campuses is not a common one, especially at the University of Victoria. One group that faced the threat of losing its club status was Youth Protecting Youth (YPY), a pro-life organization that had its status revoked and reinstated over the span of two months in 2010 before being denied booking rights on campus after university administration determined they were harassing students.
And as the new UVSS Director of Student Affairs, Emma Kinakin, explains, clubs policy doesn’t dictate how to handle the possibility of a cult on campus.
“It’s unclear what the issue would be, technically speaking,” Kinakin says about a potential UVSS inquiry into the UBF. “Especially because there is no evidence of the [UVic] group itself doing anything bad on campus, and so we’re kind of limited in our actions. Our priority is to make sure that we’re not making unfounded accusations at clubs or unfairly censoring them.”
“Basically, you would have to find somewhere that the club is violating clubs policy . . . or University of Victoria policy, or UVSS policy . . . [then] we could take action against clubs, if they’ve been clearly found to do that,” says Kinakin. “As far as I know of, there is no policy that says, specifically, you can not be a cult, although I’m assuming that if you were you would violate some other policy.”
Also, the club’s constitution states that “the views and actions of his club in no way reflect the views of the UBF Incorporated.”
The Martlet contacted the UVic UBF chapter twice via email for comment but has not received a response at time of writing. The international UBF’s website also lists an address just a short bus ride from campus, but when the Martlet went to find the pastor associated with the club, we were told the previous tenants had moved away a couple of years ago.
Though his part in the investigation is over, Pratt still harbours some doubts about the entire organization. And the vanishing act has only made him more intrigued by the group’s intentions.
“If someone out there [said], ‘[the] Nexus is a cult [and that the] Nexus has a group house between the two campuses in our town where they try to recruit exchange students,’” Pratt says, ”I’d be like ‘woah, I’m going to set the record straight immediately.’ And this group never tried to do that. They just kinda vanished.”
This story is still developing. If you or someone you know has been involved with the University Bible Fellowship, feel free to contact the Martlet at email@example.com or at 250-721-8361.
Group Background Information
According to UBF’s website, the University Bible Fellowship Church (UBF) began as a student movement in Korea in September of 1961, during a time of national turmoil. Discouraged by the political and economic situation of Korea after the civil war, students were wandering without direction for their lives. At that time, God brought together Pastor Samuel Lee and Missionary Sarah Barry. Samuel Lee was a Presbyterian pastor with a passion for helping young people. Sarah Barry was a missionary sent by the Board of World Missions of the Southern Presbyterian Church, USA, who came seeking a way to help the war-devastated Korean people with the Bible.
According to Wikipedia, in Canada and the United States, some universities have restricted UBF's on-campus recruiting efforts, such as University of Illinois, University of Winnipeg, University of Guelph, University of Manitoba, and DePaul University. UBF is used as one of the case studies in the book Churches That Abuse, published in 1991 by Ronald Enroth about Christian churches and organizations he perceives as "spiritually abusive" and the effects these groups can have on their members.
Concerns and questions about the group continued to be raised by universities, newspapers and television reports. For example, in 2003 Wheaton College hosted a conference organized by University Bible Fellowship, prompting a local newspaper to look into serious allegations of the group being spiritually abusive and overly authoritarian. In the United States and other countries, serious allegations of excessive control and intrusion into student's lives have been documented. These concerns have arisen at Canadian and German universities as well as in the United States.
In 2002, Samuel Lee, who had been in ill health, died of smoke inhalation in a fire that broke out in his house. Sarah Barry was appointed General Director. She served until 2006. She resigned and John Jun, Korean director, assumed the duties of international general director. John Jun had been, and continues to be, active in the missionary activities of Korean evangelical churches and mission movements both in Korea and in the USA.
As of 2016, UBF continues to be on the lists of several cult-watching groups in the United States, such as the Apologetics Index, the Rick Ross Institute, the New England Institute of Religious Research, the Apologetics Research Center and the Cult Information Services of Northeast Ohio, Inc. UBF is also listed on the Freedom of Mind website. In China (Hong Kong), UBF is on the examination list of CGNER (Concern Group on Newly Emerged Religions).